Community Architects Network (CAN) is a regional network of community architects and planners, engineers, young professionals, lecturers and academic institutes in Asian countries. Established in 2010, the network has been supporting community-driven projects under the Asian Coalition for Community Action programme (ACCA) regarding people housing, city-wide upgrading, and recovery from disasters. We believe the role of community architects is to build the capacity of people, by participatory design and planning process to make people be their own solution.
Since 2010 as the network and networking started, there are 27 groups of young professionalin 17 Asian countries involving by working on participatory design and planning, city-wide mapping and surveys, seeking design solution to improve quality of life and health of community, as well as training community builders.
When we talk about doing city-wide slum upgrading in the whole Asia region, we need lots of architects, para-architects and experienced community-based builders to work with people in hundreds of communities and to help them develop and implement their upgrading plans, in a big way. We have been trying in different ways to link with groups of young architects and professionals in various countries and to help them work with communities - on both the ACCA-supported upgrading and housing projects and on other community initiatives. The movement is becoming quite active now, and a lot of things have been happening over the past few years, as more and more countries open up this process.
In the first 2 -3 years we have focused our work on four activities to support, strengthen and expand this community architecture movement in Asia.
1. Building groups of local architects to work with people, in each country.
Many countries don’t have groups of local community architects to work with the communities yet. So in some countries, we have assisted by organising pilot community-upgrading and housing design workshops that are tied to actual projects, with support from the local NGOs (in Nepal, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Fiji and Penang). An important part of these projects is linking with faculties of architecture and young professional people in that place, and inviting them to participate in these projects and to learn how to work with communities. After that, we try to support the young people to keep working with the communities.
2. Organising training seminars and lectures
In several countries, we have given lectures at architecture faculties (in Vietnam, Mongolia, Lao PDR) and organized hands-on training seminars with students, young professionals and community people about how to work with communities, to support a community-driven housing design process (in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, Fiji and the Philippines). This is not just to develop technical support skills, but to show these young people how to make communities become the designers
and technicians of a design process which belongs to people (community design workshops in Vientiane, Phnom Penh and Yangon; earth-block making workshops in Vinh, Phnom Penh and Ulaanbaatar; a community mapping workshop in Fiji, a bamboo construction workshop in Davao and a slum-upgrading architectural competition in Surabaya. We’re now planning a big regional mapping workshop in Karachi.).
3. Building a regional network of community architects in Asia,
to share their experiences, share their knowledge and assist each other in different ways. In June 2010, we organized a 5-day regional gathering of 100 community architects and community builders in Chiang Mai, which gave a chance for all these groups to meet, present their work, compare notes and begin to set joint plans as a regional network of community architects. (Full transcripts of the interesting presentations at this meeting can be downloaded from the ACHR website.) Many of these groups also travel to join in the design workshops and training seminars in other countries. One of the first activities of this new regional network (which was officially inaugurated in Chiang Mai) has been to support fledgling community architect groups in each country with small seed funds of $5,000 per country.
So far, community architecture groups in nine countries have received this support and are using it in a variety or ways to initiate pilot projects with communities or to build their own national community architects networks. In some countries, these groups already existed (as in the Philippines, Cambodia, Pakistan, Indonesia and Vietnam) and in some countries they are just getting started (as in Lao PDR, Myanmar, Fiji and Mongolia). These groups can include young architects, architecture students and professors, engineers, planners and community builders.
4. Sharing experiences
We are also working to document the work of community architects around Asia and to help disseminate their stories, experiences and ideas through various media, including publications (a book on community architecture work by key groups around the region and a series of handbooks on mapping and community planning have already been published, and another handbook on the poor in heritage cities is now in process), documentary films about the work of community architects, and the setting up of a regional community architects blog / website.
Support for community architect workshops, and national workshops, according to need and demand
13 Countries: India, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Mongolia, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, Indonesia, Malaysia, Fiji, Korea
Support, building capacity, training, of community members in technical skills and networking
8 Countries: Philippines, Mongolia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Fiji, India, Tibet Heritage Funds (THF)
Activities linking professionals/students with communities, such as internships, summer schools, workshops on curricula reform
10 Countries: Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Mongolia, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Indonesia
2 International academic institutions: University College of London, Global Studio
Regional meetingsto bring together groups of community architects, planners, engineers, etc. in Asia to share learning and experiences in working and supporting communities in their upgrading and housing initiatives.
4 times in 3 countries: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia
Community Architect seed funds program
11 countries: Vietnam, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, Indonesia, Malaysia, Fiji, India, Tibet Heritage Funds (THF)
Community architects support in Asia
Support for community architects to work with communities in 10 countries (10 x 2 x 4,000) Activities and workshops Bangladesh, Pakistan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, South Korea, Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Mongolia, Malaysia
Support for community architect workshops, and national workshops (6 per year x 5,000 x 2 years) 60,000
Year one: Malaysia, Bangladesh, Korea, Lao PDR, Pakistan, Nepal, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Sri Lanka , and others to be determined according to need and demand from grassroots groups.
Support activities with universities, students, change of curriculum, or other activities to link professionals and communities (15,000 per year x 2 years) 30,000 A variety of activities with academic institutions, including summerschools, internship programs, workshops on curriculum reform, bringing in community persons to give inputs to planning/architecture departments, and so on.
Regional meetings (20,000 x 2 years) ACHR community architects regional meeting: covering costs of
conference venue, airfares for international participants, food and hotel accommodation, for around 80 participants
Support, building capacity, training, organizing, building network of community builders, community surveyors,community technical experts and networking (25,000 per year x 2 years) 5-10 activities in at least 5 countries, per year, depending on need and demand.
Support for information and knowledge dissemination
Support for studies, publications, information dissemination, production of handbooks (national and regional level) (20,000 x 2 years)
5 regional level publications be published and disseminated within and beyond the ACHR network, 1000-2000 copies of each, as well as 3 national level publications
Support for website, internet publications and e-news New design of website by Opendream social entrepreneurs and ongoing maintenance. Country level support for local internet-based activities
Support for community media activities
Activities to create links with public media (10 x 5000) Raising awareness of community activities in local and national media in 8 countries, by inviting media to major events such as inaugurations, as well as getting community members to appear in print, radio and TV media. Activities to encourage linkages between communities and the professional media, such as workshops, local documentary making